COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

  • FDA Disclaimer
    The information on this website has not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration or any other medical body. We do not aim to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any illness or disease. Information is shared for educational purposes only. Learn More
  • Affliliate Disclosure
    In compliance with the FTC guidelines, please assume the following about links and posts on this site: Many of the links on are affiliate links of which I receive a small commission from sales of certain items, but the price is the same for you. If I post an affiliate link to a product, it is something that I personally use, support and would recommend without an affiliate link. Learn More
  • Privacy Policy
    Please read the Privacy Policy carefully before you start to use By using or by clicking to accept or agree to Terms of Use when this option is made available to you, you accept and agree to be bound and abide by the Privacy Policy. Learn More
COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical TreatmentsCOVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

The COVID-19 pandemic is affecting all parts of the world. With the United States having the most diagnosed cases, I have no doubt that you want to understand the virus and know about all the COVID-19 prevention steps and medical treatments out there. You want to know what precautions you can take, how can you protect yourself, and what can you expect if you or a loved one gets infected with COVID-19.

In this article, you will learn about COVID-19 and some important preventative measures you can take. You will find answers to many of your COVID-19-related questions. I will also share some of the best medical treatment options and lead you to a resource on natural immune-supporting strategies. 

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

What Is COVID-19

COVID-19 or SARS-CoV-2 is a novel coronavirus. Coronaviruses (CoV) are a group of enveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses with different strains that may cause different illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe illnesses, such as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV or SARS) in 2002 and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV, or MERS) in 2012 that lead to serious illness and in many cases, death.

Symptoms usually include cough, fever, and shortness of breath, but may include other respiratory symptoms, digestive symptoms, and a loss of smell and taste. COVID-19 spreads through respiratory droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze, or by touching an object with the virus on it then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes. 

In the next 2 images below, you can understand more details about the common symptoms associated with COVID-19 and how they compare to other conditions such as the common cold, influenza and seasonal allergies.  In addition, roughly 50% of those infected with COVID-19 are asymptomatic and have very mild or no symptoms at all.  You can learn more about COVID-19 in this article here

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Preventative Measures

Taking preventative measures is critical for preventing yourself from COVID-19. To take effective preventative measures, you have to understand the COVID-19 virus itself. How does it spread? What is the incubation period of the COVID-19 virus? How long is COVID-19 active in your body and how long are you contagious for after recovery? How long can COVID-19 live on surfaces? It’s important that you know that answer to these questions, so you can take preventative measures effectively. 

Let’s dive in and understand the COVID-19 virus better. Please note that COVID-19 is a new virus and we don’t fully understand it. New research and information are coming out every day, so it’s important that you stay up to date. My aim is to help you understand what we know now. 

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Washing Your Hands

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and healthcare professionals around the globe recommend regular and throughout handwashing to prevent getting COVID-19 and avoid spreading the virus if you are sick. This is, of course, a good practice for preventing other illnesses and infections as well.

You may ask why soap is so effective against COVID-19. The answer lies in its chemical structure. Viruses are protected by a two-layered row of tadpole-shaped molecules of fat, protein, and water. Soap molecules also have the same structure, and soap leads to a chemical reaction, dissolves this layer of protection, and deactivates the virus. It is recommended that you wash your hands throughout with soap for 20 seconds. Don’t forget about the space between your fingers, your thumb, and the tip of your fingers (2, 3, 4)

While alcohol-based hand sanitizers with 60% or more alcohol are also effective for preventing the spread of COVID-19, they are not the best news for your skin’s microbiome. Your body and immune system rely on the diversity of microorganisms inside and outside your body, including those on your skin.

Using hand sanitizers can kill some of this diversity and be counterproductive for immune health. Many conventional hand-sanitizers also contain endocrine-disruptive compounds (EDCs), including parabens, phthalates, fragrances, triclosan, and benzalkonium chloride. Overusing hand sanitizers can also increase your risk of developing resistance to these products and increasing your risk of infection (5, 6).

Conventional soaps also include toxic chemicals, so it is important that you use non-toxic, natural soaps. I recommend that Aloe Hand Soap, a non-toxic and very effective soap that can protect you from viruses and infections. If you must use hand sanitizers when out and about or when soap and water are not available, I recommend that you choose non-toxic options made with essential oils.

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Boosting Your Immunity

Optimizing your immune system is one of the best ways to protect yourself from infections and illness and increase your body’s ability to recover if you get sick.  Some of the top immune supporting lifestyle habits including having a positive mindset, optimizing hydration, getting good quality sleep, getting regular exercise, and lowering stress.

You want to be sure to avoid sugar, grains, processed foods and practice some level of intermittent fasting.  Top immune supporting foods include ginger, onions, garlic, olive oil, bone broth, dark green veggies and berries.  Some of the best immune supportive herbs include oregano, basil, thyme, rosemary, turmeric and olive leaf.   

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Social Distancing

Before the COVID-19 outbreak, you’ve probably never heard the term social distancing, but now there isn’t an hour that passes without someone mentioning it. Though it may soon change in some places, currently most states are under a stay at home order.

We are asked to only leave our house for essential activities, such as grocery shopping or going to the pharmacy, essential jobs, and exercise. When in public, we are asked to social distance or keep at least 6 feet physical distance between you and another person.

The reason for social distancing is to avoid infections and protect each other since COVID-19 can be contagious while asymptomatic.  There is actually no scientific evidence that social distancing lowers infectious rates, it is just a theory and makes some sense that it can slow the spread of the virus.

Some countries, including Sweden, have more relaxed rules about social distancing and don’t have strict or any stay at home orders. Their goal is to develop herd immunity. Herd immunity, or community immunity, is a type of indirect protection from infectious diseases. It happens when a large enough percentage of the population becomes immune to the infection providing more protection to those without immunity and slowing or stopping the spread of the infection (7, 8, 9)

I believe social distancing is important for those who have poor health and are immunocompromised and those who work closely in facilities with immunocompromised individuals. For the healthy population, however, I think exposure is important in order to develop herd immunity.  

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Cloth Masks

Cloth masks are not able to filter the air well enough to prevent the spread of the virus.  Viruses are so small they can easily pass through the thread of the masks.  The only masks that provide protection are the N95, FFP1 and surgical masks.  Cloth masks are useless when it comes to reducing viral spread.

Wearing masks may also cause reduced oxygen consumption and increased carbon dioxide inhalation which can compromise the immune system.  On top of that, if you wear the mask for more than 45 minutes or wear it multiple times without washing it, you actually increase your pathogen load.

I personally do not wear or recommend the use of a mask for a healthy person unless you are exposed to potentially toxic air.  When it comes to COVID-19, I would focus on improving your health and immune system and allow your body to get the full oxygen it needs with each breath.

With this said, if you are in a medical setting or around immunocompromised people, it may be beneficial to wear a N95, FFP1 or surgical mask.  As always, it is important to look at the various laws and recommendations in your state or country for the best protection.

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Air Filtration

Pathogens and toxins are everywhere in our air. COVID-19 particles can remain in the air for up to 3 hours. This can become a particular problem in offices and other spaces. You want to protect yourself not only from COVID-19, but other potential viruses, bacteria, pathogens, and toxins floating in the air.

Breathing clean air is also important for your immune system. This is where air filtration comes in to support your body by creating clean air in your indoor environment at home and at the office.  Home air purification may be one of the best long-term health investments you can make.

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Can We Kill COVID-19?

Besides washing your hands frequently, another important preventative measure is cleaning and washing surfaces frequently to deactivate COVID-19. COVID-19 is a virus, which means it is not alive, so we can’t kill it.

However, we can deactivate it on various surfaces by using a disinfectant. Cleaning products with solutions of 62 to 71 percent ethanol, or 0.5 percent hydrogen peroxide, or 0.1 to 0.5 percent sodium hypochlorite, or 2 percent glutaraldehyde have shown to disable the virus on various surfaces.  

It is important to remember that many disinfectant cleaners have harmful chemicals in them.  This includes things like sodium hypchlorite and glutaraldehyde, chlorine, formaldehyde, Ortho-phthalaldehyde, parabens and others.  These chemicals disrupt the skin’s natural microbiome and get into the body and when consumed in large enough dosages, they can cause hormone disruption.

The safer disinfectant components are the ethanol, which you can do 70% along with 5-10% hydrogen peroxide and then adding 10-15% water.  The alcohol and the hydrogen peroxide will do the sterilization work without the toxic chemicals.

The multi-surface cleaner we use at my clinic and home is Mrs Meyers.  While this cleaner is not approved by the FDA to reduce the spread of COVID-19, it can reduce and deactivate microbes with natural ingredients that do not contain harmful chemicals and they have a great fragrance to them.  I do my best to avoid chemical based cleaning products and use natural products with healthy ingredients.

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Can Copper Help with COVID-19?

Using copper is another way to help deactivate pathogens on your hands or in food and drinks. People have used copper to purify water. Many other societies drink tea from copper. Different cultures have used copper for disinfecting objects and other healing potential. Copper ions may inhibit bacteria cells and reduce viral spread.

Research has shown that using copper in healthcare facilities reduces microorganisms and helps to keep areas clean. Though proper handwashing and other protective measures are still critical, copper doorknobs and surfaces can slow the transfer of the disease (10)

While not approved by the FDA as a preventative step for COVID-19, I personally like to use a copper key chain to help reduce the microbial load on your hands.  Roll it between your hands and fingers for 1 to 2 minutes to help reduce microbial debris on your hands. 

Some people have seen good results when inserting the tip into the nostril the first two hours when noticing cold-like symptoms coming on to deactivate germs, avoid getting sick, or accelerate recovery.  This is observational information and should not at all be thought of as a treatment or prevention for COVID-19.   

How Long Does COVID-19 Live On Surfaces?

One of the major ways to catch COVID-19 is by breathing in droplets from an infected person’s cough, sneeze, or in some cases, breathe. Another way to get infected is by touching an object that the COVID-19 has landed on then touching your face, mouth, nose, or eyes, allowing the virus to make its way into your body. Hence, it is very important that you wash your hands carefully after touching things outside of your house, mail, delivery boxes, and so on, and avoid touching your face.

But how long does COVID-19 live on surfaces? Great question. COVID-19 is a virus, so it is technically not alive, however, it can stay active for days on various surfaces. How long it remains active depends on the surface. You need to understand this in order to protect yourself. New information is coming out every day, however, the speculation about the activity of COVID-19 is mainly based on research on other coronaviruses. This is what we know about how long different coronaviruses and related viruses may remain active on various surfaces (11):

  • Steel: The Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was observed to stay active on steel for up to 48 hours. Some strains, such as MERS-TGEV ad MVH stayed active for 28 days or longer. 
  • Aluminum: Endemic human coronaviruses (HCov) strain 229E can stay active for up to 5 days and 229E and OC43 for up to 2 to 8 hours on aluminum.
  • Metal: The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) P9 strain was active on metal for 5 days.
  • Paper: The GVU6 strain of SARS-CoV was shown to stay active for up to 24 hours while the P9 strain could stay active for 5 days on paper.
  • Wood: The P9 strain of SARS-CoV can stay active for 4 days on wood.
  • Plastic: SARS-CoV strains remained active on plastic for 4 to 9 days, MERS-CoV strains for 2 to 6 days, and HCoV strains for up to 48 hours.
  • Glass: The P9 strain of SARS-CoV can last on glass for 4 days while the 229E strain can remain active for 5 days.
  • Ceramic: The 229E strain of HCoV can stay active on ceramic for 5 days.
  • Latex: The 229E and OC43 strains of HCoV may last for 8 hours or longer on latex gloves.
  • Teflon: The 229E strain of HCoV can stay active on Teflon for 5 days.
  • Silicon: The 229E strain of HCoV can survive on silicone rubber for up to 5 days
  • Polyvinyl chloride (PVC): SARS-CoV can last for 5 days on PVC plastic, including window frames, vinyl clothing, plumbing parts, and shower curtains.

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

How About Your Clothes and COVID-19?

There is no solid research on how long COVID-19 can stay active on clothes and other fabrics. Some research suggests that some bacteria may survive for a few minutes while others stay alive for up to 90 days on clothing, towels, and other fabrics. The same may hold true for viruses.

Since we don’t know enough information, it is recommended that you wash your clothes after having in contact with the virus or suspecting the risk of being in contact with it. If you are using cloth facemask, it is recommended not to wear it for more than 30 minutes and definitely do not wear it more than once without washing it. If you are caring for someone with COVID-19, make sure to use gloves and wash their clothes separately in hot water (12, 13).

What Is the Incubation Period of the Coronavirus?

Based on what we know now, COVID-19 has an average incubation period of 5.1 to 6.4 days. The shortest period seems to be 2.1 days and the longest one seems to be 14.7 days, however, some evidence suggests that may be outliers with an incubation period of up to 27 days.

It is also important to know that there are also people who remain completely asymptomatic or experience only very mild symptoms they barely notice. The common advice is to wait for a total of 14 days after being in contact with a sick person to see if symptoms develop (14, 15, 16)

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

How Long Is Recovery from COVID-19?

Most mild and moderate cases of COVID-19 recover within about 14 days after the start of their symptoms. In more severe and critical cases recovery can take up to three to six weeks. Recovery time may depend on the individual’s immune system strength and overall strength (17)

Fortunately, we know from the most recent studies done on asymptomatic individuals in California that between 4-7% have already created antibodies which indicates exposure and immunity.  This also let’s us know that if we extrapolate that data, COVID-19 only has a case fatality rate of .1-.25% which is more in line with a bad flu season.

Is COVID-19 Contagious After Recovery?

It is understandable that you want to know if you can infect someone even after recovery. Some evidence suggests that people who have recovered from COVID-19 may still carry the DNA of the virus for up to 13 days after recovery.

Health practitioners recommend up to 14 days of quarantine after the contagious phase has passed to avoid infecting others (18, 19).   For younger, healthier people getting exposure and buidling antibodies and natural resiliance can be beneficial.  But you want to avoid being around older and immunocompromised people so you don’t spread the virus to them.  

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Can You Get COVID-19 More Than Once?

The answer is that we don’t know. Viruses are known to change and evolve over time. For example, the flu has various strains, therefore it’s possible to get sick with the flu more than once even within the same season. COVID-19 is new and we don’t have enough information to know if it will be a similar case. What we know is that viruses can evolve through mutation and genetic recombination. 

Mutation is a change in the genetic material that allows a virus to take on a different host, for example, jumping from animal to human. COVID-19 has probably gone through a few mutations before making it to human cells and starting this current pandemic. Since COVID-19 has a 90 to 98 same RNA as a 2018 bat-derived SARS-CoV, it is speculated that a relative of this virus might’ve mutated a few times before making it to human cells. MERS-CoV was also compared to a bat coronavirus, NKU4 that likely went through two mutations before transmitting to humans.

Genetic recombination is a rearrangement of DNA or RNA sequences. It happens through rejoining, breakage, or copying of chromosomes or chromosome sequences allowing people to get infected by the same virus through a different, often stronger, strain. However, having been infected with one strain may make you stronger in recovering from another strain.

While mutations and recombination of the genetic material of a virus can certainly lead to getting infected by a virus again, we do not have enough conclusive evidence when it comes to COVID-19. At this point, we don’t have information to know if reinfection is possible (20, 21, 22, 23, 24).

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Is Ventilation Effective?

You probably know that the most serious cases of COVID-19 are often put on ventilators at the hospital. You might’ve even heard about the ventilator shortage hospitals are facing and many are worried about. But it turns out ventilation may not be as effective as we once thought. 

Doctors have observed that while many patients with severe COVID-19 have extremely low blood oxygen levels, they are not gasping for air, passing out, or experiencing racing heart.   They are experiencing silent hypoxia.  It appears that COVID is impacting the red blood cells hemoglobin oxygen carrying capacity.  They have also observed that ventilators are often not helpful and may even be damaging to patients.

Normal oxygen saturation at sea level is between 94 and 100 percent. For COVID-19 patients, it can be as low as 50 percent.  It is wise to be able to test your oxygen saturation to see if it begins to drop well before things get to a severe level.  A pulse oximeter is a simple device that you can buy without a prescription online or at a local pharmacy. You simply place it on your fingertip, press a button, and it reads your oxygen saturation level (along with your pulse rate). 

Rather than ventilation, some experts suggest that less invasive methods, such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP, the sleep apnea device) and bilevel positive airway pressure ventilators (BiPAP) may be more appropriate for patients.  Hyperbaric oxygen used for decompression sickness, a hazard of scuba diving may also be a more effective treatment because it pressurizes the oxygen deep into the tissues (25).

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Potential Medical Treatments

Now that you understand more about COVID-19 and learned some important preventative methods, you are likely curious about the best medical treatments out there. I want to emphasize that COVID-19 is a new virus, we don’t have a complete understanding of how it works, and research is on-going.

This means that new potential medical treatments – both pharmaceutical and natural – can surface any day, and we will likely find some exciting new options over time. Based on what we know now, these are some options that show promise. 

It is important to remember that these statements are not supported by the FDA as treatments for COVID-19 at this time because more human trials are needed before they can approve such modalities.  This is meant for information purposes only and not as approved medical treatments.

Chloroquine, Zinc, and Antibiotics

Hydroxychloroquine, or chloroquine is an immunosuppressive drug that has been used for malaria prevention and treatment, as well as the treatment of certain autoimmune conditions. It has been tested and has shown some promise for similar strains such as SARS-CoV. This drug has received much attention in the media for its potential promise for COVID-19, however, research is still ongoing to prove its effectiveness.

The attention to chloroquine is not surprising if you understand how the drug works. Emerging theories suggest that in severe cases of the COVID-19 infection serious lung problems may not be due to lung damage but a massive oxidative stress overload that interferes with the ability of hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the tissues. Similar things can also be observed in malaria and other pathogenic infections, hence it would make sense to see benefits from an anti-malarial drug. 

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Chloroquine Is a Zinc Ionophore

Another reason chloroquine may be effective is zinc. Chloroquine is a zinc ionophore which means it can help your body to let zinc into your cells. Zinc is a powerful mineral that may support your immune system, offer antioxidant support, and fight viral infections effectively.

Interestingly, some COVID-19 patients report a loss of smell and taste which is also often caused by zinc deficiency suggesting that COVID-19 patients may benefit from zinc and chloroquine allowing zinc to enter the cells (26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31).  

A recent Medical Hypothesis article suggested a dosage of around 200 mg of Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) along with 20 mg of zinc taken twice daily for the average sized adult (32).

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

COVID-19, Chloroquine and The Lancet Study

In a recent article from one of the world’s prestigious medical journals, The Lancet, one of the largest observational studies were conducted using chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine as treatment aid for those diagnosed in-hospital with COVID-19 (33).

The paper had reported on negative effects of hydroxychloroquine as a potential treatment option, leading to much controversy over the use of the drug. Their study included 671 hospitals spanning 6 continents with almost 100,000 people in the study. The results? Not promising at all despite the mounting evidence in many other articles arguing that chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine coupled with zinc (one of zinc’s critical roles in immune function is its role in thymulin production and activity) can inhibit the COVID-19 infection.

So, what happened with the Lancet publication? I mean this study put a screeching halt to the use of now-to-be considered “miracle” drugs of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine for the treatment of COVID-19. However, investigation began, and retraction of this article followed! So many questions were raised from this study which begs the question, “Why the retraction?”

After much digging in the research it comes down to who and what Surgisphere Inc. is. This company who provided the underlying database of information that was analyzed in the study, refused to grant access to its raw data for independent review and verification of its origins. Therefore, the study’s authors did not release the full data underlying the study and did not say which countries or hospitals contributed data, said from a letter written to the editor of The Lancet on May 28th, 2020.

Today, three authors—all the coauthors on the study except Surgisphere founder and CEO Sapan Desai—contacted The Lancet to retract their report. “They were unable to complete an independent audit of the data underpinning their analysis,” the retraction notice in The Lancet reads. “As a result, they have concluded that they ‘can no longer vouch for the veracity of the primary data sources.’” This kind of ‘error’ in publication has dramatic consequences.

Publications like these in one of the most respected medical journals in the world bring about major influence on how treatments are conducted and their efficacy and safety for use. Given the academic gravitas and scholastic accolades of these men it makes publication far easier so there is no focus on verifying their legitimacy. Should there be more scrutiny for the many journals and their publications? Absolutely.

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

COVID and Bacterial Co-Infections

A popular combination is chloroquine, zinc, and an antibiotic combination. Zinc may help the body to fight the virus and chloroquine may help zinc to enter the cells.

Adding antibiotics to the mix may help to reduce bacterial co-infections that take place when the endothelial lining is disrupted from the viral cytokine storm. Hence this treatment combination may be promising for the treatment of severe COVID-19 cases (34).  

A French study published on June 25th, 2020, looked at 3,737 hospitalized COVID-19 patients and the use of HCQ and the antibiotic azithromycin (AZ).   The study design had 3,119 (83.5%) treated with HCQ-AZ (200 mg of oral HCQ, three times daily for ten days and 500 mg of oral AZ on day 1 followed by 250 mg daily for the next four days, respectively) for at least three days and 618 (16.5%) patients treated with other regimen (“others”).

Treatment with HCQ-AZ was associated with a decreased risk of transfer to ICU or death, decreased risk of hospitalization ≥10 days and shorter duration of viral shedding.  Although this is a retrospective analysis, results suggest that early diagnosis, early isolation and early treatment of COVID-19 patients, with at least 3 days of HCQ-AZ lead to a significantly better clinical outcome and a faster viral load reduction than other treatments (35).

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Efficacy and Safety of Corticosteroids in COVID-19

Steroids and other immune suppressants are already being tested against coronavirus in clinical trials. There is a possible ray of hope for those diagnosed with COVID-19 with the emergence of dexamethasone as a possible treatment.

“Dexamethasone is the first drug to be shown to improve survival in COVID-19,” Peter Horby, one of the lead investigators of the study and a professor in the Nuffield Department of Medicine at the University of Oxford, said in a statement. He added that the drug should now become the standard treatment for patients with Covid-19 who need oxygen.

“Dexamethasone is inexpensive, on the shelf, and can be used immediately to save lives worldwide.’” COVID-19 results in excessive inflammation and a cytokine storm within the body from the immune system’s response to the virus. Dexamethasone suppress the immune system, which could provide some relief for patients whose lungs are ravaged by an overactive immune response that sometimes manifests in severe cases of COVID-19 (36, 37, 38, 39, 40).

But such patients may still need a fully functioning immune system to fend off the virus itself. While more studies need to be performed, this corticosteroid, does show some hope for those with ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) and COVID-19.  This steroid may be of great clinical value as ventilation has been shown to be ineffective for helping individuals with ARDS and is a virtual death sentence.  Adding in the steroid shuts down the cytokine storm and can be life saving for people who are in serious condition.

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

High Dose of IV Vitamin C

Another emerging treatment method is high dose of IV Vitamin C. We know that vitamin C has powerful antioxidant and immune-supporting benefits. High dose of IV vitamin C has been used as an alternative treatment method for certain cancers and as a prevention or treatment option for the common cold and the flu. It seems like it may also be beneficial for COVID-19 patients. 

Research suggests that ultra-high doses of vitamin C via IV may help to slow the reproduction and spread of viruses, suppress the over-reactive inflammatory response in the lungs, decrease cytokine release, and prevent cytokine storm, and neutralize oxidative stress.  The reason for giving high doses of vitamin C intravenously is because this way it can be absorbed more easily and utilized intracellularly.

It also doesn’t cause any side effects such as diarrhea that high doses of oral vitamin C may cause. While research on the benefits of IV vitamin C for COVID-19 is ongoing, several New York hospitals have approved the use of IV vitamin C therapy for the first time and clinical studies are currently being conducted (41, 42, 43, 44, 45)

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Final Thoughts

Research on COVID-19 is on-going and new information is coming out every day. I am committed to updating you as we go along.  In this article, we discussed a number of things you can do to help prevent getting an infection.  

We also discussed some potential medical therapies.  These therapies are currently undergoing clinical studies to further determine their effectiveness.  You can also check out this partner article on the best immune nutrients to calm cytokine storm.

COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments

Sources in This Article Include:

1. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Link Here
2. Show me the science – Why wash hands? Centers for Disease Contol and Prevention. Link Here
3. Schoeman, D., Fielding, B.C. Coronavirus envelope protein: current knowledge. Virol J 16, 69 (2019). Link Here
4. Soap. Chemistry explained. Link Here
5. Zapka C, Leff J, Henley J, Tittle J, De Nardo E, Butler M, Griggs R, Fierer N, Edmonds-Wilson S. Comparison of Standard Culture-Based Method to Culture-Independent Method for Evaluation of Hygiene Effects on the Hand Microbiome. mBio Mar 2017, 8 (2). Link Here
6. Kong HH, Segre JA. Skin microbiome: looking back to move forward. J Invest Dermatol. 2012 Mar;132(3 Pt 2):933-9. doi: 10.1038/jid.2011.417. Epub 2011 Dec 22. PMID: 22189793
Ventola CL. The antibiotic resistance crisis: part 1: causes and threats. P T. 2015 Apr;40(4):277-83. PMID: 25859123
7. Sweden resisted a lockdown, and its capital Stockholm is expected to reach ‘herd immunity’ in weeks. CNBC. Link Here
8. Herd immunity. APIC. Link Here
9. Collins F. To Beat COVID-19, Social Distancing is a Must. NIH Director’s Blog. Link Here
10. Grass G, Rensing C, Solioz M. Metallic copper as an antimicrobial surface. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011 Mar;77(5):1541-7. doi: 10.1128/AEM.02766-10. Epub 2010 Dec 30. PMID: 21193661
11. Kampf G. Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents. The Journal of Hospital Infection. Volume 104, Issue 3, P246-251, March 1, 2020. Link Here
12. Cleaning and disinfection of households. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Link Here
13. Kilinc FC. A Review of Isolation Gowns in Healthcare: Fabric and Gown Properties. J Eng Fiber Fabr. 2015 September ; 10(3): 180–190. Link Here
14. Coronavirus incubation period could be 27 days, shows data. Pharmaceutical Technology. Link Here
15. Lauer SA, Grantz KH, Bi Q, et al. The Incubation Period of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) From Publicly Reported Confirmed Cases: Estimation and Application. Ann Intern Med. 2020. Link Here
16. Coronavirus Incubation Period. Worldometer. Link Here
17. Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). World Heath Organization. Link Here
18. Lan L, Xu D, Ye G, et al. Positive RT-PCR Test Results in Patients Recovered From COVID-19. JAMA. 2020;323(15):1502–1503. Link Here
19. Clinical presentation and virological assessment of hospitalized cases of coronavirus disease 2019 in a travel-associated transmission cluster. Link Here
20. Lu R, Zhao X, Li J, Niu P, Yang B, Wu H, Wang W, Song H, Huang B, Zhu N, Bi Y, Ma X, Zhan F, Wang L, Hu T, Zhou H, Hu Z, Zhou W, Zhao L, Chen J, Meng Y, Wang J, Lin Y, Yuan J, Xie Z, Ma J, Liu WJ, Wang D, Xu W, Holmes EC, Gao GF, Wu G, Chen W, Shi W, Tan W. Genomic characterisation and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus: implications for virus origins and receptor binding. Lancet. 2020 Feb 22;395(10224):565-574. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30251-8. Epub 2020 Jan 30. PMID: 32007145
21. Fehr A.R., Perlman S. (2015) Coronaviruses: An Overview of Their Replication and Pathogenesis. In: Maier H., Bickerton E., Britton P. (eds) Coronaviruses. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol 1282. Humana Press, New York, NY. Link Here
22. Yang Y, Liu C, Du L, Jiang S, Shi Z, Baric RS, Li F. Two Mutations Were Critical for Bat-to-Human Transmission of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus/ Journal of Virology Aug 2015, 89 (17) 9119-9123. Link Here
23. Chan PKS, Chan MCW. Tracing the SARS-coronavirus. Link Here
24. COVID-19: Genetic network analysis provides ‘snapshot’ of pandemic origins. Link Here
25. Begely S. Stat. With ventilators running out, doctors say the machines are overused for Covid-19. Link Here
26. Xue J, Moyer A, Peng B, Wu J, Hannafon BN, Ding WQ. Chloroquine is a zinc ionophore. PLoS One. 2014 Oct 1;9(10):e109180. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109180. PMID: 25271834
27. Is a combo of chloroquine and Zinc a cure for coronavirus? Link Here
28. Lee SR. Critical Role of Zinc as Either an Antioxidant or a Prooxidant in Cellular Systems. Volume 2018. Link Here
29. Marreiro DD, Cruz KJ, Morais JB, Beserra JB, Severo JS, de Oliveira AR. Zinc and Oxidative Stress: Current Mechanisms. Antioxidants (Basel). 2017 Mar 29;6(2):24. doi: 10.3390/antiox6020024. PMID: 28353636
30. Keyaerts E, Vijgen L, Maes P, Neyts J, Van Ranst M. In vitro inhibition of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus by chloroquine. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Oct 8;323(1):264-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.08.085. PMID: 15351731
31. Xue J, Moyer A, Peng B, Wu J, Hannafon BN, Ding WQ. Chloroquine is a zinc ionophore. PLoS One. 2014 Oct 1;9(10):e109180. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109180. PMID: 25271834
32. R.Derwanda, M.Scholz. Does zinc supplementation enhance the clinical efficacy of chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine to win today’s battle against COVID-19? Link here
33. Mehra MR, Ruschitzka F, Patel AN. Retraction-Hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine with or without a macrolide for treatment of COVID-19: a multinational registry analysis. Lancet. 2020;395(10240):1820. PMCID: 7274621
34. Yoon YK, Park CS, Kim JW, et al. Guidelines for the Antibiotic Use in Adults with Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections. Infect Chemother. 2017;49(4):326-352. PMCID: 5754344 
35. Lagier JC, Million M, Gautret P, Colson P, Cortaredona S, Giraud-Gatineau A, Honoré S, Gaubert JY, Fournier PE, Tissot-Dupont H, Chabrière E, Stein A, Deharo JC, Fenollar F, Rolain JM, Obadia Y, Jacquier A, La Scola B, Zandotti C. Outcomes of 3,737 COVID-19 patients treated with hydroxychloroquine/azithromycin and other regimens in Marseille, France: A retrospective analysis. Link here
36. Ye Z, Wang Y, Colunga-Lozano LE, et al. Efficacy and safety of corticosteroids in COVID-19 based on evidence for COVID-19, other coronavirus infections, influenza, community-acquired pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. CMAJ. 2020 Jul 6;192(27):E756-E767. PMID: 32409522
37. Garvey KK. UC Davis, Harvard Scientists: Hammock Lab Drug May Help COVID-19 Patients Recover Link here
38. Yanuck SF, Pizzorno J, Messier H, Fitzgerald KN. Evidence Supporting a Phased Immuno-physiological Approach to COVID-19 From Prevention Through Recovery. Link here
39. Ledford H. Coronavirus breakthrough: dexamethasone is first drug shown to save lives. Link here
40. Ledford H. How does COVID-19 kill? Uncertainty is hampering doctors’ ability to choose treatments. Link here
41. Peng ZY. Vitamin C Infusion for the Treatment of Severe 2019-nCoV Infected Pneumonia. Clinical Trials. Link Here
42. Erol A. High-dose intravenous vitamin C treatment for COVID-19. Link Here
43. McCarty MF, DiNicolantonio J. Nutraceuticals have potential for boosting the type 1 interferon response to RNA viruses including influenza and coronavirus. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases. 12 February 2020. Link Here
44. New York hospitals treating coronavirus patients with vitamin C. New York Post. Link Here
45. Boretti A, Banik B.  Intravenous vitamin C for reduction of cytokines storm in acute respiratory distress syndrome.  21 April 2020.  PharmaNutrition.  PMID 32322486
COVID, COVID-19 Prevention Steps and Medical Treatments
Was this article helpful?

Let's Improve Your Health Today!

Get instant access to 2 FREE eBooks when you subscribe to Dr. Jockers’ newsletter.


"Join my tribe today to discover hidden strategies to improve your energy, brain, digestion & metabolism."

— Dr. David Jockers
Dr Jockers




  1. Please confirm discussion of viral DNA. My understanding is COVID-19 is RNA, not DNA. Also, what form of vitamin C? IV is sodium ascorbate. Oral supplements can be different forms and one resource I trust says ascorbic acid (non-GMO) and that other forms are not equivalent in terms of action in the body.

  2. I’m glad to see Dr. Jockers understands that face masks are not protection for the wearer. They do muffle the distance an infected person can transmit viruses. Most homemade masks probably get re-used and put in pockets and purses making the situation worse. Very little attention is given to face shields. They are near impossible to buy. They are very easy to make even out of re-cycled clear plastic. Here is a web site with links to videos on how to make face shields.

    1. Hi Ron,
      I think it’s fair to say that if Dr. Jockers does not know or understand, then it’s probably not known by anyone. His articles are first class and very extensive. I fully agree with his remarks on those masks. Albeit, they are being promoted in reference to sneezes. While it is possible to get a cold from someone’s sneeze, it is NOT the normal route of infection. If that isn’t misleading enough, then consider that sneezing isn’t even a symptom of Covid-19. For those that do not want to capitulate and wear a mask, then don’t. If you need an easy way out, then do the following:
      If confronted for no mask say, “I have a medical condition.”
      If asked what that is or for proof, ask them if they realize that their request for your private medical info violate HIPPA regulations?
      If they than state that you can’t enter without the mask, ask if they realize that their restriction of your entrance violate disability regulations.
      It may help to have a pencil and paper to write down their names as you progress.
      In a rare case you may need to request their supervisor or the store manager. I have copies for those agencies that list their name, address and phone number, that I can hand to them if need be. Don’t be a sheeple, remain maskless and free!

  3. My understanding (from my Vascular Dr.) is that they now believe that COVID creates micro-clotting – so thrombosis is the issue, affecting lungs, heart, etc. Treating the symptoms (difficulty breathing) isn’t going to be as effective as treating the cause (micro clots) with blood thinners. What’s your take on this??

  4. There is a NON medication, that can be made from 22.4% sodium chloriTE in distilled water, when a few drops [1-5 drops] is activated with the same number of drops of 4% hydrochloric acid or 50% citric acid and add to it 4 to 6 ounces of filtered water [no chlorine or fluoride] it creates chlorine DIOXIDE and when quickly consumed. the chlorine Dioxide will destroy any pathogen it comes in contact within the body, Caution is advised as even 1 drop can destroy so many pathogens that Temporary Discomfort can occur. Be aware this is not approved by the FDA even though there are over 30,000 patents for different uses for Chlorine Dioxide. It is used to sterilize meats and produce and NOT washed off, That indicates it is NOT toxic.

    1. I note that Dr. Jockers was gracious enough not to address your assertions, so I will. To make this easy for the lay person, take note. There is no such product found anywhere in nature known as Chlorine Dioxide. Basic common sense is all the lay person should need to tell him that his body does not need a man made chemical. Your capitalization of DIOXIDE to distinguish it from the toxic halogen Chlorine from whence it was made is telling. Do you wish to offer proof that those products don’t contribute to the serious iodine deficiency we have. That breast cancer, prostate cancer, hypothyroid, and numerous other ailments have not been fostered by their ubiquitous use in our society? Our basic perimeter defenses are near useless against viruses without adequate iodine, thus a breach (infection) is now considered the norm from any sufficient exposure of a pathogen.
      Iodine will kill any type of pathogen as will those chemicals. Iodine is needed by every living cell in the body in order to properly function, whereas the chemical is a toxic waste that the body is burdened with and competes with the needed iodine. Once body iodine needs are met, the balance is ‘dumped’ into all body fluids, which closes all orifices to pathogens. Imagine the surprise of the woman that no longer gets UTIs or the absence of the seasonal flu or common colds. I have no doubt that you can easily convince many that I am offering a fantasy and that is unfortunate. Note that vitamin D in milk or iodine in salt recognized two serious deficiencies, which still remain woefully inadequate.
      Ref: David Brownstein, MD tested over 500 patients and found that 94.7% were iodine deficient.
      Ref: David Derry, MD, PhD explains how iodine is used to protect the body’s perimeter from all pathogens.
      Ref: I.D.Stone & Sir McFarland Burnet, winner of a Nobel Prize, found iodine was 100% effective against viruses, when placed on a mouse’s snout. This government supported study was sanctioned following the Spanish flu.
      FYI, the Japanese consume 89 times more iodine than people in the US. That is no typo, it is 89 fold. As should be expected their cancer rate is the lowest in the world. But they also consume the highest level of nitrates in the world, which appears to interfere with the other benefits that iodine should be providing.

  5. Great comprehensive article on covid. I work as a Nutritionist for a 200 store grocery store chain in Colorado at their lead Natural products store. I have been talking to Marcia at Stay Well Copper and she was kind enough to send me your article. I will be checking out your website when I get a chance. Keep up the great work. Thanks Kip Dixon King Soopers 33 3600 Table Mesa Boulder Colorado 80303 303-499-4004
    303-525 5396

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.