Fasted Exercise: Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

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fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-AgingFasted Exercise: Autophagy, Fat Burning, and Anti-Aging

Has a personal trainer or fitness magazine article ever told you to eat before you exercise? While this is a common advice, pre-workout meals may actually leave your sluggish or stuffed instead of energized. Instead, I recommend fasted exercise to support your fitness goals and overall health.

Fasted exercise offers many health benefits, including enhanced autophagy, increased fat burning, and anti-aging benefits. Through daily intermittent fasting and regular fasted exercise you may increase your insulin sensitivity. It may lead to increased human growth hormone to help you burn fat, lose weight, and build muscle. Fasted exercise may help you to achieve your desired results faster and more effectively.

In this article, you will learn about the benefits of fasted exercise, fasted exercise strategies, the importance of feast-famine cycling, and types of fasted exercise you may try. You will learn how to avoid overtraining and when to be careful with fasted exercise. I will also share my favorite supplements to support your fasted exercise routine.

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Benefits of Fasted Exercise

Fasted exercise may have a number of benefits for your body, including increased fat burning and enhanced autophagy. Let’s learn about each of them.

Increased Fat Burning 

When you are fasting, your body has to turn to alternative fuel, especially when you are doing fasted exercise. Once your body burns up its stored sugar called glycogen, it starts burning fat-producing ketones. Ketones are three water-soluble molecules produced by your liver from fatty acids during fasting, fasted exercise, prolonged intense exercise, food restriction, starvation, carbohydrate-restricted diets, untreated type 1 diabetes, and alcoholism. Once converted into acetyl-CoA, ketones enter the Krebs cycle aiding your mitochondria’s energy production. 

This process allows your body to become fat adapted. As you shift from sugar to fat burning you develop more metabolic flexibility. Consequently, fasted exercise stimulates fat burning, fat loss, and weight loss (1).

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Mitochondrial Biogenesis

Most people’s mitochondria are used to utilizing sugar (glucose) for energy. When you are fasting, practicing fasted exercises, or doing a keto diet, your body undergoes keto-adaptation. 

This process stimulates fat burning and also allows the die-off of old and weak mitochondria. It also helps your body to produce stronger and new mitochondria for increased energy production and better health (2)You can learn more about mitochondrial health in this article.

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Enhanced Autophagy

Autophagy is an essential part of your immune system. It is basically a process of self-eating when your cells destroy and recycle their own components. Mitophagy is an important part of autophagy allowing your body to metabolize old and damaged mitochondria. This leaves space for new and healthier mitochondria.

Autophagy helps your body to function better. With the help of new mitochondria and healthy cells, your body becomes stronger and more resilient to chronic stress, inflammation, pain, and disease (3).

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Increased HGH

Research found that fasting may lead to a significant increase in Human Growth Hormone (HGH) levels. One study found that just a week of fasting may lead to a 1,250% increase in HGH, while other studies showed that fasting for a few days may double or triple HGH levels (4, 5, 6).

Increasing your HGH levels is important to get results from your fasted exercise routine. It may help you to drop fat, increase muscle mass, and reach a healthy weight and fat-muscle ratio (7).

Ketone Production

When you are fasting, your body has to look for alternative fuel instead of the one that would come from food. Once all your stored glycogen is burned up, your body starts to burn fat-producing ketones.

Fasted exercise may increase ketone production. As your body becomes fat adapted and experiences ketosis, it develops more metabolic flexibility, increased fat burning, and more weight loss. To improve these benefits, you may combine fasting and fasted exercise with the keto diet during your eating windows. You may learn more about the keto diet here.

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Improved Resilience to Stress 

Autophagy allows your body to metabolize old, damaged mitochondria and to create space for new and healthy cells and more stress-resilient mitochondria. This helps your body to become better functioning and more resilient to chronic stress.

Fasting and fasted exercise also takes off the mechanical stress of your gut. It doesn’t have to digest food, which allows time for repair and healing. Even a short period of fasting may enhance intestinal stem cell production as a result of fasting and reduced stress (8).

Anti-Aging Benefits 

Chronic inflammation is the root cause of most disease and signs of aging. Your mitochondria have a serious impact on inflammation, gene expression, and energy production, hence healthy mitochondria may reduce signs of aging (9).

Fasting and fasted exercise have a positive impact on your mitochondria. It may reduce the activity of inflammation-inducing pathways and inflammatory cytokines. As a result, it may reduce the risk of chronic inflammation, age-related neurodegenerative conditions, such as dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease. It may also reduce the risk of stroke and reduce visible signs of aging, such as wrinkles (10).

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Fasted Exercise Strategies to Apply

When you are practicing fasted exercise, it’s important that you exercise at the end of your fasting window if possible to maximize benefits. However, you can’t do this, you will still get great benefits from training during the fasting window and extending the window to hit your goals.  

It is crucial to keep your stress levels under control, eat well, and sleep well, so your body can adapt to the fasting window and the exercise intensity. By doing this, you should be able to progress your window until you find your most comfortable zone.  

Let’s see what’s the best time to train depending on the fasting regiment you are doing.

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

12:12 Simple Fast   

During the Simple Fast, you are fasting for 12 hours and have a 12-hour eating window. For example, if you are done with dinner at 6 pm, you won’t be eating until 6 am the next day.  During your Simple Fast, train in the morning on an empty stomach and break the fast after training. To learn more about the Simple Fast, read this article.

14:10 Brunch Fast 

The Brunch Fast is basically an extended Simple Fast with a 14-hour fasting window. With a 6 pm dinner, you won’t be eating until 8 am the next day.  During your Brunch Fast, train in the morning on an empty stomach and break the fast after training.

16:8 or 18:6 Strong Fast

The Strong Fast is an even more extended fast than the Brunch Fast with a 16 to 18-hour fasting window.   If you are done with dinner at 6 pm, you won’t be eating until 10 am or noon the next day. Train in the late morning or mid-day and break the fast after training or train in the AM and wait until lunch to break the fast. This strategy is great for muscle building. 

20:4 Warrior Fast

The Warrior Fast has an even more extended fasting window at 20 hours. You only have  a 4-hour eating window to consume 2 meals. While on a Warrior Fast, train in the mid-day or early afternoon and break the fast after training. This is ideal for muscle building.  Many people will do a big protein shake after their workout and then a large meal a few hours later.  I personally practice this strategy on most days! 

OMAD 

OMAD stands for the One Meal a Day diet. It basically means that you are fasting most of the day, and only eat one meal a day usually during a one-hour eating window. You may learn more about OMAD here. While practicing OMAD, train anytime and break the fast at a consistent time each day. This is best for fat burning and losing weight quickly.

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Fasted Exercise and Feast Famine Cycling

The benefits of fasting and fasted exercise don’t exist without feasting. Fasting offers a number of health benefits, including reduced inflammation, improved energy, and fat burning. However, prolonged calorie restrictions have some downsides too, including potential hormonal imbalance and fatigue. This is exactly why feasting is incredibly important.

Through feasting, you nourish your body with nutrient-dense food to aid your recovery after fasted exercise. Feast-famine cycling may lower your inflammation levels, regulate cell growth, boost lean tissue development, allow cleansing, create hormonal optimization, better immune activity, and enhance emotional well-being. 

Hence, it’s incredibly important that you feast and nourish your body during your eating window, especially on training days. You may learn about feast-famine cycling here.

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Types of Fasted Exercise

There are various types of fasted exercise you may engage in depending on your fitness level and personal fitness goals. Fasted Exercise is a powerful way to boost fat burning and improve lean body tissue development.  Here are some ideas on how to do it based around your unique goals.

Beginners 

If you are a beginner, I recommend walking and light resistance training exercises, such as air squats, modified push-ups or lifting light weights. Walk every day and do light resistance training three to four times a week.

Next Progression 

If you are ready, the next progression is moving up to High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) and intense resistance training exercises. Engage in HIIT and intense strength training three to five times a week for 20-45 minutes at the end of a 12 -16 hour fasting window anywhere from 3-5 days a week.

Enhanced Fat Burning

Depending on your goals, you may want to focus more on HIIT than intense strength training or vice versa. If you want enhanced fat burning, I recommend doing more HIIT.

For best fat burning results, once you are adapted to fasted exercise, try emphasizing HIIT at the end of a 16-24 hour fasting window and doing that 3-5 times a week and doing resistance training 2 days a week and use BCAA’s and Exogenous Ketones post workout (and in some cases pre-workout to improve energy and stamina).

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Enhanced Muscle Building 

If your main goal is to do build muscle, than do strength training at the end of a 16-20 hour fasting window 3-5 times per week using large muscle groups such as squats, deadlifts, lunges, push presses, shoulder presses, pull-ups or pull-downs and rows.

Use BCAA supplements both pre and post workout and use creatine supplements post workout.   Consume 2 large meals (or 1 smaller like a protein shake and 1 very large meal) in a 4-8 hour eating window after the workout.

***Unless you are a serious athlete with a coach to help guide you so you avoid overtraining, I don’t recommend doing any intense exercise more than 5 days per week.

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Fasted Exercise and Overtraining

When you are doing fasted exercise, it may be tempting to overdo it or push your body too much. Even if you are not overdoing it in the exercise front, you are still compromising your result and pushing your body too much, if you are under high stress, not eating well, and sleeping too little. This may lead to overtraining.

Classic signs of overtraining include (11):

  • Decreased performance
  • Increased perceived effort during your workouts
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Insomnia
  • Restless sleep
  • Moodiness or agitation
  • Chronic or nagging injuries 
  • Muscle or joint pains and aches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nutrient deficiencies
  • Metabolic, imbalances
  • Medical issues, including gastrointestinal, endocrine, cardiovascular, nervous system, or reproductive system issues
  • Psychological stress
  • Depression or anxiety

To avoid overtraining, it is important to keep your stress levels under control, eat well, and get a good night sleep. These factors all essential to the process of recovery and will help you to perform better during your fasted exercise as well.

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Caution For Stressed Out Individuals

Stress is overwhelming for your mind and body. It is difficult to perform at your best when your body is overwhelmed.

If you feel very stressed, overwhelmed, or often struggle with low blood sugar, I advise sticking in the Simple or Brunch Fast range for your fasting regimen. For your fasted exercise, I recommend a walk or doing some light resistance training at the end of your fast. 

If you feel good doing that, you may experiment with Crescendo Fasting and training during the fasted window. You may learn about Crescendo Fasting in this article

Additionally, make sure to lower your stress levels through relaxing activities, breathing exercises, meditation, time in nature, gratitude, or prayer. Make sure to support blood sugar balance through a healthy diet.

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

Who Shouldn’t Do Fasted Exercise

Fasted exercise is not for everyone. I don’t recommend fasted exercise for pregnant women and those with type I diabetes. In some cases, it is also not appropriate for extreme athletes, however, always talk to your coach and doctor to see if it is right for your training regiment. 

Anyone with a medical condition should consult with their doctor first before fasting or doing fasted exercise.

Helpful Supplements For Fasted Exercise

You may support your fasted exercise with a number of helpful supplements. Select the appropriate supplements based on your goals. 

For Energy and Fat Burning 

For energy and fast burning, I recommend Keto Edge. This product designed for the high achiever who wants to improve their health and get the most out of life. Our proprietary formula of exogenous ketones, adaptogens, amino acids, and phospholipids will help you get an edge in life.

This supplement may improve your energy and performance, stimulate fat burning, enhance your fitness level, improve brain function, assist with stress adaptation, and offer antioxidant support. I recommend it for both pre and post-workout.

For Energy and Muscle Building

For energy and muscle building, I recommend Keto Edge pre-workout. For post-workout, I recommend Amino Strong and Creatine.

Amino Strong supports muscle protein synthesis, supports muscle recovery after exercise, supports muscle strength and function, and improves mitochondrial function and keto adaptation. Creatine increases energy, endurance, and recovery, and supports muscle growth.

Final Thoughts on Fasted Exercise

Fasted exercise offers many health benefits, including enhanced autophagy, increased fat burning, and anti-aging benefits. It may be the best strategy to achieve your fitness goal and improve your overall health.

Follow my tips in this article and support your fasted exercise with the supplements I recommend to experience fantastic results from fasted exercise.  If you want help getting started with fasting or improving your fasting ability then please check out my complete Fasting Transformation Quickstart Program.  

Sources in This Article Include:

1. Moller L, et al. Impact of fasting on growth hormone signaling and action in muscle and fat. 2009 Mar. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 94(3): 965-72. PMID: 19066303
2. Pitceathly, R. D., & Viscomi, C. (2016). Effects of ketosis in mitochondrial myopathy: potential benefits of a mitotoxic diet. EMBO Molecular Medicine, 8(11), 1231–1233. PMID: 27729389
3. Diot A, Morten K, Poulton J. Mitophagy plays a central role in mitochondrial ageing. Mamm Genome. 2016 Jun. 27(7-8):381-95. PMCID: 4935730
4. Kerndt, PR, Naughton, JL, Driscoll, CE, Loxterkamp, DA. Fasting: the history, pathophysiology and complications. West J Med. 1982 Nov;137(5):379-99. PMID: 6758355
5. Hartman, ML, Veldhuis JD, Johnson, ML, Lee, MM, Alberti, KG, Samojlik, E, Thorner, MO. Augmented growth hormone (GH) secretory burst frequency and amplitude mediate enhanced GH secretion during a two-day fast in normal men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1992 Apr;74(4):757-65. PMID: 1548337
6. Ho, KY, Veldhuis, JD, Johnson, ML, Furlanetto, R, Evans, WS, Alberti, KG, Thorner, MO. Fasting enhances growth hormone secretion and amplifies the complex rhythms of growth hormone secretion in man. J Clin Invest. 1988 Apr;81(4):968-75. PMID: 3127426
7. Lanzi, R, Luzi, L, Caumo, A, Andreotti, AC, Manzoni, MF, Malighetti, ME, Sereni, LP, Pontiroli, AE. Elevated insulin levels contribute to the reduced growth hormone (GH) response to GH-releasing hormone in obese subjects. Metabolism. 1999 Sep;48(9):1152-6. PMID: 10484056
8. Mihaylova MM, et al. Fasting Activates Fatty Acid Oxidation to Enhance Intestinal Stem Cell Function during Homeostasis and Aging. Cell Stem Cell. 2018 May. 22(5): 769-778. PMID: 29727683
9. D’Aquila, P., Bellizzi, D., & Passarino, G. (2015). Mitochondria in health, aging and diseases: the epigenetic perspective. Biogerontology. PMID: 25711915
10. Fann, DY, et al. Intermittent fasting attenuates inflammasome activity in ischemic stroke. Exp Neurol. 2014 Jul. 257:114-9. PMID: 24805069
11. Robinson, J. Overtraining: 9 signs of overtraining to look out for. ACE. Link Here

fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

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fasted exercise, Fasted Exercise:  Autophagy, Fat Burning and Anti-Aging

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  1. i practise intermittent fasting myself. Ran 10k this weekend after fasting 12hrs. Great detailed article helps recap and encourage to continue the process. Thank you

    1. Hey Jennifer, Type 1 Diabetics are at greater risk of life threatening hypoglycemia and so fasted exercise could be very dangerous for them unless properly controlled. They should always consult with their doctor before doing something like fasted exercise.

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