Top 7 Nutrients to Prevent Heart Disease
According to the CDC, heart disease is the number one killer of people in the US (1). This is likely due to the standard American diet, increasing sedentary behaviors, and more time spent indoors in front of artificial lights. Together these factors create the perfect storm for chronic inflammation and different aspects of heart disease. It is imperative that we learn how to prevent heart disease by using our lifestyle choices.
In this article, I am going to cover the top causes of heart disease (that you may have not heard before) and supplements that you can use on a daily basis to combat your risk of succumbing to America’s number one killer. Taking steps to prevent heart disease is not only important for your health, but also for easing the burden that is currently on our healthcare system.
Top Risk Factors for Heart Disease
If we wish to prevent heart disease, we must understand the most common underlying causes of heart-related diseases. Several aspects of the human body can be influenced by our daily lifestyle choices. Identifying these factors is what empowers people to embody a truly preventative lifestyle.
Most people go about their entire lives living with these factors developing and they don’t catch on to any of the warning signs. Be sure to understand and address these issues.
Chronic inflammation plays a role in just about every chronic disease people face today. Looking to mitigate underlying inflammation is one of the most powerful strategies to put the body on the path towards healing itself. This holds true for anything from cancer, to autoimmune diseases, to heart diseases (2).
Inflammation is caused by excessive oxidative stress at the cellular level. This oxidative stress can actually inhibit the function of mitochondria. Mitochondria make all of the energy needed for our cells to carry out normal functions. This means that inflammation can negatively affect just about every cell in the body by damaging the very structure we need to make energy.
You may be surprised to find out that the heart actually contains one of the highest mitochondrial densities out of any other organ and therefore experiences the effects of chronic inflammation much more quickly.
At the same time chronic inflammatory processes can inflame the arterial lining and promote the accumulation of plaques, which can lead to heart attack and stroke. Mitigating chronic inflammation in as many ways as possible is probably one of the most powerful ways to prevent heart disease.
Poor Calcium Metabolism
We have been led to believe that calcium is the panacea for bone loss. While calcium is a critical aspect of healthy bones, there is massive oversight as to the process of forming bones. Calcium actually coordinates with magnesium, Vitamin D, and Vitamin K to ensure that it ends up in the bone.
When these nutrients are not sufficient in the body, calcium will be much more likely to end up in the arteries in the form of plaques. Recent studies have backed this up by showing that solely supplementing with calcium can actually increase your risk of having a heart attack (3, 4).
Having the critical cofactors necessary to ensure calcium ends up in bones, and not in the arteries, is critical to prevent heart disease.
In addition to magnesium, Vitamin D, and Vitamin K, there are a range of nutrients that can lessen your chances of acquiring heart disease. These include flavonoids, polyphenols, electrolyte minerals, and healthy omega-3 fats.
Flavonoids and other antioxidant compounds work by actively combatting the negative effects of inflammation and oxidative stress. Polyphenols help by actually promoting mitochondrial function, which as we discussed already, is extremely important for the heart. Minerals ensure proper conductance of electric signals, something the heart does constantly. And finally, omega-3 fatty acids are powerful anti-inflammatory agents that actually make up our cells.
Together, a wide array of micronutrients can actually help to prevent heart disease from many different angles. This is why I recommend a ketogenic diet with plenty of plants and antioxidant-rich herbs and spices. Here are two great articles to dive into this further:
Blood Sugar Imbalance
A commonly overlooked aspect in the pursuit to prevent heart disease is actually blood sugar imbalances. In fact, it seems that we have been completely misdirected in what causes heart disease in this regard. We have been told for years that fats and cholesterol are the enemy, when it is much more likely to be sugar.
Most people in today’s society rely heavily on carbs and sugar as a primary aspect of their meals. This means that their metabolism primarily relies on sugar for energy. This kind of eating pattern creates massive fluctuations in blood sugar that contribute to the formation of something called advanced glycation end products (AGEs).
This is basically when sugar molecules in the blood bind with enzymes or proteins. AGEs are highly inflammatory to the epithelial lining of the arteries, making them a risk factor for heart disease (5).
Finally, if we want the best shot to prevent heart disease, we need to improve our ability to handle stress. Chronic stress is a big factor in determining you heart disease risk (6). Chronic stress can be internalized by the human body in different ways depending on nutrition and mental outlook on life. When we internalize chronic stress with anxiety and a failure to meet our daily demands, this basic behavioral aspect of life can become pretty inflammatory to the body.
As we experience chronic stress, we release higher amounts of stress hormones like cortisol, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. Additionally, chronic stress can lead to behaviors that are not in the best interest of health such as poor eating habits, smoking, and not getting enough sleep.
Top 7 Nutrients to Prevent Heart Disease
Now that we understand some of the biggest contributing factors to your risk of heart disease, we can get into some more specific strategies for bulletproofing your cardiovascular system. In addition to a antioxidant-rich, ketogenic diet (read about it here), there are specific supplemental strategies that are powerful to prevent heart disease.
These nutrients are the most common things I find deficient in individuals who develop heart disease. So be proactive and supplement with these to reduce inflammation, improve blood vessel strength and tone and prevent heart disease.
Magnesium is needed to create the activated form of ATP. This is the molecule that provides the cells in your body with energy to carry out their functions. With poor magnesium levels, mitochondria, especially in the heart will suffer. Additionally, low blood magnesium levels are associated with high blood pressure, a major risk factor for heart disease.
Finally, magnesium plays a role in calcium metabolism, helping to make sure calcium doesn’t end up in places it shouldn’t be, such as your arteries.
Simply increasing your intake of magnesium-rich foods and supplementing with magnesium on a daily basis can go a long way in mitigating your risk of heart disease (7). My favorite forms of magnesium are malate, glycinate, and especially threonate for its brain benefits. For those with digestive challenges, topical magnesium is an excellent choice.
Dosage: Different forms of magnesium have different bowel tolerance. For Brain Calm Magnesium, I recommend 1-2 scoops in water daily. Topical magnesium can be used more frequently.
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, and metabolic disease (8). Vitamin D helps to regulate calcium distribution throughout the body, especially when combined with Vitamin K. Additionally, Vitamin D has beneficial effects over inflammation and blood sugar control, both critical for heart health.
Typically, adequate Vitamin D levels can be achieved through bare skin exposure to sunlight. As a society we have become scared of the sun and either cover up or tend to stay inside most of the time. Others simply do not live in a location where the sun’s UV rays are strong enough to generate adequate Vitamin D. This is when supplementation is critical.
To Boost D3/K2 Levels: 2,000 IU and 400 mcg for every 25 lbs. of body weight
This typically will add 15-20 IU to your blood D3 levels each month. If your levels are 20 – do this for 3 months to get you to 80 (be sure to test to make sure)
For D3 Maintenance: 1,000 IU and 200 mcg for every 25 lbs. of body weight
Vitamin K goes hand-in-hand with Vitamin D. Animal studies have shown that Vitamin K2 not only has the potential to prevent heart disease, but may actually be able to help remove built up calcium within the arterial lining (9).
While K2 can be supplemented, and guidelines for that are shown just above, it is also produced by the healthy bacteria within your gut. To support a healthy microbiome, I would recommend cycling a lactic-acid based and soil-based probiotic every 3-6 months. We offer several probiotics including a clinically tested lactobacillus and bifido bacterium based probiotic called ProbioCharge and a combination of lactobacillus, bifido bacterium, S Boulardii and soil based bacteria in SBO Probiotic
Omega 3 Fatty Acids
Most people consume a large amount of omega 6 fats and not enough omega 3. The ratio of omega 6 to omega 3 fats we have in our bodies, and the sources we derive these fats from, has a profound impact on inflammatory markers in the body.
Increasing omega 3 intake and working to decrease omega 6 intake is a great preventative strategy for heart disease. Omega 3 fats also help to improve calcium metabolism to prevent the deposition of calcium in the arterial lining.
Finally, omega 3 fats, namely EPA and DHA, can help to improve cholesterol, triglyceride, and blood pressure values.
You can acquire EPA and DHA from wild-caught seafood sources such as Alaskan salmon, sardines, cod and limited amounts of tuna (due to mercury). Additionally, supplementing with 1-4 Grams of either fish or algae-sourced omega 3 fats is a great idea.
Curcumin is one of the most studied anti-inflammatory compounds isolated from the Indian spice, turmeric. Turmeric is one of the most heavily studied spices ever, having endless therapeutic value for many different types of diseases. This is likely due in part to its powerful anti-inflammatory properties.
Curcumin is a powerful antioxidant that also helps to balance cholesterol and calcium levels (10).
Curcumin can be acquired by consuming turmeric in the diet, however it is important to combine with black pepper, a healthy fat, and a bit of heat in order to extract the full benefits. This is because turmeric and its compounds are not readily absorbable by the digestive tract. This is why I generally, recommend a liposomal form of curcumin such as Meriva.
Speaking of antioxidants, glutathione is the most important antioxidant in the human body. This is because it exerts powerful anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and detoxification effects. At the same time, glutathione helps to regulate all other antioxidants in the body, such as Vitamins C and E, as well as Super Oxide Dismutase (SOD).
For acute support, it can be helpful to supplement with glutathione to bring down inflammation in the body quickly.
For the combined benefits of Omega-3 fatty acids, curcumin, and glutathione, I have not found anything better than ProOmega CRP.
CoQ10 is a fat-soluble antioxidant that is naturally occurring in the human body that helps to optimize mitochondrial function. The benefits of restoring CoQ10 levels include lowering inflammation, improving cholesterol ratios, and lowering blood pressure. Scientific evidence suggests that our ability to make this crucial antioxidant diminishes as we age and therefore we lose its protective benefits.
Mitochondrial dysfunction is considered a commonly overlooked risk factor in congestive heart failure that may be improved with CoQ10 supplementation (11).
Considering the mitochondrial dysfunction aspect of heart disease, it would be a powerful strategy to use a variety of strategies to support mitochondrial health. For this, I always recommend Mito Support. It contains CoQ10 along with other powerful mitochondrial support nutrients that help to improve heart and brain health while supporting abundant energy levels.
Heart disease is the number one killer in America. It remains one of the top killers worldwide. There are a number of factors that contribute to heart disease and nutrition is a critical piece of the puzzle.
In addition to following a antioxidant-rich, ketogenic diet, using the nutrients listed in this article on a regular basis will do amazing things for your heart health. As an added benefit, you will likely notice greater day-to-day energy levels and mental clarity.